Transplantation 82: 1210-1213, 2006 –
Human T-cell lymphotrophic virus (HTLV) type I has been linked to adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) and HTLV-I associated myelopathy (HAM). Transmission of HTLV by blood and organ transplantation has been documented, with some infections leading to clinical disease. Organ donors are tested for anti-HTLV antibodies and donor suitability is determined primarily by results from enzyme immunoassays (EIA). Confirmatory testing is not routinely performed, and the number of false positive organ donors is unknown.