Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2: 517-523, 2007 –
Risk for new-onset diabetes (NOD) after renal transplantation is higher with tacrolimus (Tac) than with cyclosporine (CsA), but the extent to which the diabetogenic effect of Tac is dosage dependent or steroid dependent remains uncertain. Patients who received a transplant between 1995 and 2002 were drawn from the United Network for Organ Sharing registry and prescription records and NOD diagnoses from Medicare claims, both provided by the United States Renal Data System. Patients were divided into six groups of steroid and Tac doses at 30 d after transplantation and referenced against CsA.